Advisory Discussion Paper for Group 20 Nations Dialogue: The Politics of Conflict Resolution and Humanitarian Diplomacy

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This paper is being written at the beginning of August 2014, when there are several “theatres of conflict,” in different locations of the world.  The motivation for this Discussion Paper is to contribute towards the many international efforts that are currently being made to enable conflicts to be resolved and to ensure long lasting peace solutions to be made possible.  It is because long lasting peace solutions are the quintessential pre-condition to enable economic and social stability to be made possible in the world.  In considering the politics of conflict resolution to be made possible, this Discussion Paper suggests that there should be much greater extents of creative thinking and as yet, not considered options,  to solve the most serious and the most devastating conflicts in the world today.

In the conceptual model of conflict resolution, that is being proposed in this Discussion Paper today,  there is a very significant and vital global role for the United Nations Organisation, it’s Institutions and it’s Agencies, to be utilised and deployed as the major key actors to bring peace and security solutions to vastly troubled regions of the world.   The reasoning for this is because, it is only the United Nations Organisation, with all the UN Member Nations,  and it’s associated infrastructure,  that has the capability, the capacity and the prospect of legitimacy, to solve the day-to-day management of crises torn and devastated areas, thereby moving towards enabling the agreements for regional and international security to be established, upon internationally agreed parameters.  These internationally agreed parameters may include new, creatively and as yet not considered, possible re-definitions of country boundaries,  that can be collectively and peaceably agreed upon, within International Law, via internationally acceptable and legitimate UN Security Council procedures.

This Discussion Paper suggests that the Group 20 Nations, along with the Group 7 & Group 8 Nations,  should draft and propose Resolutions to be tabled for discussions and agreement, at the United Nations organisation international arenas and platforms, with these proposed Peace Resolutions being considered for implementation by the United Nations Security Council.  These efforts should in turn, enable more unified strategies to bring about very reasonably swift conclusions to the tragic, traumatic and devastating consequences of the loss of human lives in these, “theatres of conflict.”   As it is only with the assistance of the United Nations Organisation and it’s Agencies that the required levels of authority and legitimacy can be granted to enable rapid progress to be made to resolve the current conflict situations,  whilst ensuring that the requirements of security for each nation state that is suffering the consequences of such devastating conflicts, can be mitigated.

Specialist Teams of United Nations High Representative Delegations

There is a need for the creation of new multi-skilled Specialist Teams of United Nations High Representative Delegations,  that are drawn from UN Security Council Nations and from other interested nations, that are able to contribute towards such Specialist Delegation Teams.  It is with a view towards implementing the proposed UN Mandates for Peace and Demilitarisation;  to ensure legitimate demilitarisation within these conflict arenas, that such Teams can be deployed.  Such proposals can ensure the safety and the security of civilians,  combined with the drive towards economic stability in such regions and areas of the world.  The suggested United Nations Specialist Teams can include Military Observers, Disarming of Illegal Weapons Specialists, Law Enforcement Delegates and other required specialists. There would need to be the sin qua non of finding and the disarming of the illegal stockpiles of weapons, that pose any risks and threats to nearby regions and surrounding Nations.

There could also be the necessity,  for specific regions within nation states and also in other disputed areas,  for entire regional areas to be placed into and under systematized United Nations control.  Where there has been the total breakdown of the Rule of Law and where there is evidence of violations of International Law, combined with the prospect of future violations of International Law,  The United Nations High Representative Delegation Teams, must have the authority and the legitimacy to take interim Law Enforcement and Judicial Management Control, until local Administrations and Regionally Devolved Governments,  that are internationally acceptable, are made possible.  Such future internationally acceptable Regionally Devolved Governments and Administrations need to be legitimately seen by the international community, as observing and functioning within the requirements of International Law, fully observing all Human Rights Laws and all such International Protocols.

There would need to be the application of internationally agreed United Nations Conventions and Protocols, including the application of all International Laws. Also, the processes required need to be promulgated for the medium and long term, that can ensure the local delivery of Law Enforcement and Peacekeeping, that can be legitimately delivered, further to possible United Nations Peacekeeping Training, by the local citizens of a given region.  In any region that is devastated by traumatic conflict events, the major loss of human lives and by significant humanitarian needs,  the agreed UN Conventions and Protocol for Humanitarian Diplomacy and Humanitarian Relief needs to be managed effectively and transparently, clearly viewed as effective humanitarian diplomacy efforts by the international community.  In each global instance, where there is a requirement to de-escalate conflict and to enter into dialogue with each group that is in dispute, this is possible via the conflict resolution negotiation channels, that are available with United Nations Organisation assistance.

With these and similar efforts,  there is a strong possibility to ensure that conflict resolution can be successful and managed effectively,  to enable the delivery of the objectives of humanitarian diplomacy,  enabling a given region to be secured as a safe area for ordinary human existence,  with justice, equity and long lasting peace.


Dr Mark Fernando

4th August 2014